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This is the page for the Trail Wayfinding Signage Handbook for Cattaraugus County Trails as part of the Trail Signage Program.


Text from the OUTDATED Version


Revised from the original Trail document from December 22, 2021 document (NEED LINK).

Break into pages


Signage and Underbrand Overview


  1. Intro
    • How to use this
  2. Basic Standards
    • Logos, symbols, art, ...
  3. Signage & Underbrand Application
    • Sign elevations, graphic layouts and ...
  4. Signage Placement Guidelines
    • Sign placement and ...
  5. Performance Specifications
    • Sign performance, quality assurance and ...


Section 1: Introduction – How to use this book

Project Goals and Objectives of Signage


Develop a user-friendly signage system that connects the
visitors initial web search to navigate to and improve travel within
and between trail systems.


  • Display information consistently across all media (web to signage) to create a seamless experience.
  • Update messaging to be user-friendly and memorable.
  • Create a cohesive sign system by identifying cost-effective methods to update signage.
  • Connect the signage initiative to Cattaraugus County and the Enchanted Mountains through a new underbrand applied to signage, maps and marketing materials.

Visitor Experience

  1. computer with map on the screen
    Visitor uses Cattaraugus County on-line map to find the trail they would like to use.
  2. computer with map on the screen
    The visitor gets directions and parking information to the trailhead, including:
    • Road name
    • Trailhead name
    • Parking information
  3. computer with map on the screen
    Help visitors to find trailheads by alerting them with directional signs prior to upcoming trailhead entrances.
  4. computer with map on the screen
    Confirm arrival at the trailhead entrance with signage.
  5. computer with map on the screen
    At the orientation kiosk present information in the same sequence the visitor receives it on the web site.
    • Trailhead name
    • Trail use (icons), trail name (+number if applicable), trail distance
    • Trail map and QR code to access on-line map
    • Important postings
    • Trail system name and underbrand
  6. computer with map on the screen
    Upon return, visitor is reminded of the where they parked because the trailhead is listed at the top of the kiosk.

Inventory and Analysis

Trail Systems in Catt. County


  • Allegheny River Valley Trail
  • Allegany State Park
  • Bear Creek State Forest
  • Boyce Hill State Forest
  • Bush Hill State Forest
  • Bucktooth State Forest
  • Cattaraugus State Forest
  • Elkdale State Forest
  • Farmersville State Forest
  • FLT System (Finger Lakes Trail)
  • Golden Hill State Forest
  • Holiday Valley (Private)
  • Holimont (Private)
  • McCarty Hill/Rock City State Forest
  • Pat McGee Trail
  • Pennsy Trail
  • Pfeiffer Nature Center
  • Pine Hill/South Valley State Forest
  • SM System (Snowmobile)
  • Zoar Valley MUA

Info Gathered About Various Trailheads

Page 9 in original


Existing Signage - Orientation Kiosks

Page 10 in original


  • There are many nicely designed information kiosks throughout the various parks and forests
  • Information is absent and not presented consistently

Existing Signage - Vehicular Blazes, Pedestrian Directional and Trail Markers

Vehicular Trailhead Parking Blazes


Pedestrian Directionals


Trail Markers and Blazes


  • Information for the visitor should always take the highest priority
  • Show information in the same sequence
  • Trail System + underbrand is secondary in importance to visitor information

Commonalities Between Sign Systems





Carsonite Fiberglass










Sans Serif Fonts for Messages



Section 2: Basic Standards

Fonts, Colors, "Catt County Trails" Underbrand


Underbrand Use Guidelines

REF Page 19 of original

Graphic Standards



International Symbols


Project Specific Art


NPS Icons




Color Schedule


Section 3: Signage and Underbrand Application

Trailhead Parking Blaze - Small


Trailhead Parking Blaze - Large


Recommendations for visitor information hierarchy and trailhead names

  • Repeat information consistently and in the same sequence throughout the system.
  • To help visitors more easily remember and find trailheads, name them a­er the road they are located on.
    • The trailhead name has a direct relationship to where it is located making it easier to find on a map or ask for directions to
    • The visitor has less information to remember
  • At orientation kiosks repeat the trailhead name, followed by icons showing trail use, trail name, trail number, and distance.
  • Name trails for where they go or with unique names.
    • Avoid appending numbers to trail names if there is not a logical reason for them.
  • Use universally recognized icons

Organization of Kiosk Banner Information


Top banner is always the trail head name


Bottom banner information is always the trail use icons / trail name / length of trail

  • Center entire message + icons on banner (allow room for other icons to be added)
  • Trail use icons – always place on left. These are screwed to the panel so icons can be updated.
  • Trail Name is in the center
  • Add a Long Dash to separate the trail name from the number of miles
  • Number of Miles on the right rounded to the nearest tenth of a mile

Large Trailhead Orientation Kiosk - New York State Park System

BREAK page 28 into 7 IMAGES

Large Trailhead Orientation Kiosk - State Forest

Break page 29 into 5 IMAGES

Example of Retrofit of Existing Kiosk

BREAK page 30 into 6 IMAGES


New Trailhead Orientation Kiosks

BREAK page 31 into 6 IMAGES

Add page 32 of Drawing of New Trailhead Orientation Kiosk with Rev.#12.22.21

Trail Directional

BREAK page 33 into at least 6 images

Vertical Trail Marker

BREAK page 34 into 3 IMAGES

Trail System Name and Underbrand Templates

BREAK page 35 into 8 images

Section 4: Signage Placement Diagrams

Vehicular Directional Placement Diagrams

Vehicular directional: Initial sign should be located within 750' of destination or turn off major arterial to reach destination.


This sign location diagram is intended as a general guideline only. All related specifications and site conditions should be reviewed and verified with the client prior to installation.

Trailhead Parking Lot Identification Placement Diagrams


This sign location diagram is intended as a general guideline only. All related specifications and site conditions should be reviewed and verified with the client prior to installation.

Pedestrian Trail Directional Placement Diagrams


This sign location diagram is intended as a general guideline only. All related specifications and site conditions should be reviewed and verified with the client prior to installation.

Section 5: Performance Specifications

Part 1: Performance Requirements

1.01 Work Included

  1. A Labor, materials, equipment and services necessary for the fabrication, delivery and installation of signage as described in the detail drawings.
  2. B Refer to the message schedule for a complete list of sign types and quantities.
    • Signs listed on message schedule should match those indicated on sign location plans. Contractor to notify owner of any discrepancies in sign quantities by doing take-offs before manufacturing signs.
  3. C Signage is located in Cattaraugus County, New York.
  4. D For all signs, all fasteners, support structures required for installation.

1.02 Related Work

  1. A General carpentry and painting requirements: all work to be done in a professional manner and to the highest trade standards.
  2. B Use OSHA safety requirements if necessary for pedestrian or vehicular safety.

1.03 Regulatory Requirements

  1. A Observe applicable codes, sign ordinances and ADA guidelines for handicapped and fire/life safety signing.
  2. B For Electrical Work
    1. 1 National Electrical Code
    2. 2 National Electrical Safety Code
    3. 3 Life Safety Code - NFPA 101
    4. 4 OSHA
    5. 5 Applicable Federal, State and Local Codes
    6. 6 Underwriters Laboratory Inc. (UL)

1.04 Reference Standards (not all may apply)

Refer to current editions of the following:

  1. A ASTM B221—Aluminum-alloy extruded bars, rods, wire, shapes and tubes.
  2. B ASTM D822—Light and water exposure apparatus (carbon-arc type) for testing paint, varnish, lacquer and related products.
  3. C ASTM A276—Stainless Steel -alloy extruded bars, rods, wire, shapes and tubes.
  4. D ASTM E84—Surface burning characteristics of building materials.
  5. E FS L-P-391—Plastic sheet, rods and tubing, rigid, cast, materials.
  6. F FS L-P-387—Plastic sheet, laminated, thermosetting.
  7. G ASTM C 880—Stone, granite flexural strength testing
  8. H ASTM C 1354—Stone, granite anchorage testing
  9. I ASTM A36—Structural Steel
  10. J ASTM A123—Zinc (Hot Galvanized) coatings on products fabricated from rolled, pressed, and forged steelshapes, plates and bars.
  11. K TM B135 QQ-B-613 (Fed Spec)—Brass, Muntz 280
  12. L PS-1—Construction and industrial plywood.
  13. M CDA—Copper Development Association, Inc.
  14. N AWI—Comply with applicable requirements of "Architectural Woodwork Quality Standards" published by the Architectural Woodwork Institute.
  15. O ASTM- WK10687 New Standard Practice for the Determination of Luminance under Monochromatic LED Illumination
  16. P ASTM C 143-74—Concrete slump test.
  17. Q ASTM D3933-98 - Standard Guide for Preparation of Aluminum Surfaces for Structural Adhesives Bonding (Phosphoric Acid Anodizing)
  18. R ASTM D578/D578M-18—glass fiber strands.

1.05 Submittals

Bid submittal requirements

  1. All of the following bid submittals must be provided to be considered a qualified bid.
  2. All proprietary contractual paperwork provided by the client filled out accurately, including all requested bonding and insurance information.
  3. Submit completed spreadsheet (file provided) with all requested line item prices. Ensure that all row and column totals add up properly. Use the provided format, do not use a different spreadsheet format.
  4. Submit a projected project schedule. Schedule will show major milestones such as sample submittals, fabrication, and installation. The payment schedule will be tied to reaching these milestones. Schedule will be updated regularly throughout the project.
A Requirements
  1. Schedule shop drawings, product data and sample submittals for delivery at the same time.
  2. The owner may hold shop drawings, product data and samples in cases where a partial submittal cannot be reviewed until associated items have been received.
  3. Allocate not less than four weeks, plus mailing time, for processing by the owner.
B Schedule
  1. Submit Gantt style schedule with all pertinent dates and milestones for the project.
  2. Include submittal delivery dates, fabrication and installation dates
  3. Allow several weeks in schedule for review and revision time for all submittals.
  4. Revise schedule regularly as project details dictate.
C Shop Drawings

NOTE: All final shop drawings must have an engineering stamp from a state licensed engineer before being approved for fabrication.

  1. Submit four (4) sets of shop drawings as outlined below.
  2. Include plans, elevations, sections and large scale details of sign wording and lettering layout. Show anchorages and accessory items. Provide mounting templates.
  3. Show fabrication and installation details, including all sign components such as extrusions, brackets, bracing, hardware, internal framing, foundations, etc.
  4. Provide engineering data to confirm viability of signs and supports, including structural stability of all signs, fasteners and foundation design.
  5. Structural details must be reviewed and stamped by a state certified structural engineer, ensuring structural integrity and safety.
  6. For illuminated sign units: shop drawings shall also include the following:
    1. a Fixture type.
    2. b Fixture and lamp/ballast voltage.
    3. c Fixture and lamp wattage.
    4. d Complete photometric data.
    5. e Wiring diagrams, including connection to building power supply.
    6. f UL registration number (fabricator MUST be UL certified).
D Subcontractor qualifications information

1 The total percentage of subcontracted work on this project is not to exceed 25% including installation.

2 Fabricator must submit credentials for any subcontractor selected to execute any portion of this contract. This must be submitted with proposal or bid. Demonstrate subcontractors qualifications for doing specified work.

E Samples
  1. Submit four (4) sets of each sample required.
  2. Owner reserves the right to reject any samples that do not satisfy the construction, finish or color requirements. Submit additional samples as required to obtain final approval.
  3. Samples shall be labeled on the back, designating item number, name of manufacturer, sign type and location.
  4. The following sample submittals are required for this project:
    The following samples must be submitted and approved prior to the fabrication of signs:
    1. 3 sets of all color samples including paint and vinyl samples on thin aluminum plates
    2. 3 sets of all material samples
    3. 3 sets of 12" x 12" printed graphics sample pending final design option

Samples should represent extreme variations in color and texture that might occur during fabrication.

F Maintenance Data
  1. Submit two (2) copies of each manufacturer’s recommendations for maintenance of all items.
  2. The instructions shall cover cleaning, repair, repainting and maintenance of signs, including data on cleaning solutions or methods of application which should be avoided.

1.06 Delivery OF ATTIC STOCK (if any)

A For any attic stock ordered, package separately or in like groups labeled as to contents. Include installation hardware, adhesives and installation instructions; include a reasonable array of alternate adhesives, fasteners or materials to be able to respond effectively to varying field conditions.

1.07 Protection

  1. A Store and protect assemblies from injury at the shop, in transit to the job and until erected in place, completed, inspected and accepted.
  2. B Packaging should not be taped to sign surface. Bubble wrap should be removed upon delivery to prevent damage to sign surfaces.
  3. C Take special precautions to prevent pilferage both prior to and after installation. Be prepared to provide replacements for any material so removed from the site.

1.08 Inspection

  1. A Materials, colors and fabricated or partially fabricated items shall be available for inspection at the factory or elsewhere, by the owner or designer during the process of manufacture and until final delivery, installation and acceptance, to determine whether or not there is compliance with the requirements of these specifications.
  2. B Approval prior to the time of final acceptance shall not preclude rejection of delivered items which do not satisfy these specifications.

1.09 Reordering

  1. A All items specified herein shall be available to the owner in additional quantities for a period of 10 years after completion of all work called for in this specification.

1.10 Warranty

All warranties on fabricator’s standard contract forms must be modified to match warranty criteria mentioned herewith. Any changes in warranty length or criteria must be negotiated prior to contract signing. Any discrepancies from fabricator’s contract are superseded by this performance specification.


  1. A Warrant all products (including, but not limited to, materials, hardware and finishes) against any and all defects for a minimum period of 2 years from date of installation.
  2. B Correct any and all defects in material and/or workmanship which may appear during the warranty period by restoring defective work to the standard of the contract documents at no cost to the owner and to the owner's satisfaction.
  3. C Vinyl die-cut letters shall be warranted for five years against delamination from substrate.
  4. D Correct any and all paint finish defects which may appear during the warranty period by restoring defective work to the standard of the contract documents at no cost to the owner and to the owner's satisfaction.
    1. All Matthews paint products must be clear coated with MPC super Satin Clear Kit, a two-component 1.24 ready to spray VOC compliant, acrylic polyurethane clear, which was developed to provide extended performance under the toughest conditions. See the MPC194 specifications. Fabricator to provide extended warranty from Matthews to client on completion of project.
    2. PPG Coraflon fluoropolymer solvent-based paint - 10 years for gloss retention as measured in accordance with ASTM D523 using 60 degree readings. 10 years for color retention as measured by ASTM D2244 Section 6.3 using Hunter LAB Color difference.


    1. 1 Acrylic polyurethane with 290228SP Super Satin Clearcoat - 10 yrs for fading and gloss retention as measured in accordance with ASTM D523 using 60 degree readings.
    2. 2 In order to obtain a 10 year warranty from Matthews Paint Company the following criteria must be met and evaluated by the fabricator’s local MPC representative. A project specific warranty will then be written.
      1. a. The paint shop applying finishes must meet MPC quality standards for application and process.
      2. b. Location of installed project and exposure to environmental conditions will factor into warranty consideration.
      3. c. Design and shape of the product in which the finishes are being applied to.
      4. d. Only MPC products may be used to finish the base substrate. Use of primers, basecoats or clearcoats in conjunction with MPC products will void any possible warranties.
    3. 3. To contact or establish your local MPC representative, call into the main toll-free phone number listed below:
      Matthews Paint Company at 1.800.323.6593
  5. E Additional corrections shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
    1. 1 Bubbling, crazing, chalking, rusting or other disintegration of the sign face or of the messages or of the edge finish of the sign inserts or panel.
    2. 2 Corrosion developing beneath paint surfaces of the support systems (except when it is the result of obvious vandalism or other external damage to the paint surfaces).
    3. 3 Corrosion of the fastenings.
    4. 4 The signs not remaining true and plumb on their supports.
    5. 5 Fading of the colors when matched against a sample of the original color and material.
    6. 6 Discoloration of metal finishes.
    7. 7 Uneven illumination; dark or hot spots.

1.11 Alternate Fabrication

  1. The drawings show design intent only. The fabricator is responsible for fabrication and overall level of quality. Any changes in design, materials, fabrication techniques or details necessary to the successful completion of this project should be communicated to owner in a timely fashion. Further development and engineering of designer's details (for fabrication and installation) is expected and should be shown in the shop drawings.
  2. The designer recognizes that manufacturers may have shop fabrication techniques that differ from details shown. Suggested changes in fabrication that do not alter the design intent nor reduce the quality will be considered by the designer provided they are submitted in sketch form as soon as possible prior to shop drawing preparation.
  3. Any value engineering changes during fabrication shall be discussed with owner and the associated groups.

2.01 Quality Assurance

  1. A Materials used for this project shall be new and not reconditioned or re-purposed.
  2. B Use only personnel thoroughly skilled and experienced with the products and method for fabrication and installation of signage specified.
  3. C The owner shall reserve the right to reject any shop drawings, samples or other submittals, as well as any finished product or installation, that cannot meet the standard of quality established. Any such decision will be considered final and not subject to recourse.
  4. D The intent of the contract documents is to provide everything necessary for a complete contract. In the event of conflict or omission, the fabricator shall consult the owner for resolution.
  5. E Materials and hardware not specified, but necessary to the complete functioning of the sign, shall conform to the quality level established.

2.02 Recommended Material Suppliers

Vendors and products listed below are specified for this project. These products have either been tested on prior projects and have delivered proven results, or have properties unique to this project. Any suggested substitutions must have documentation demonstrating the same level of quality and warranty prior to bidding. Bids are subject to disqualification if unauthorized substitutions are used.

  1. A Fluoropolymer paint
    Coraflon by PPG
  2. B Matthews Paint +Super Satin Clear Kit 290 228SP
  3. C Vinyl and vinyl coatings
    To be determined
  4. G Acrylic adhesives
    Lord Corporation
  5. K Fabricated signs, see potential bidders list.

2.03 Sign Types (NOT ALL MAY APPLY)

  1. A Factory silkscreen:
    1. 1 On aluminum.
  2. B Vinyl legends (letters or other die-cut shapes):
    1. 1 On aluminum.
    2. 2 On glass.
  3. C Aluminum structures:
    1. 1 Extrusions, as noted.
    2. 2 Aluminum sheet or plate, rolled as necessary.
    3. 3 Aluminum hardware.
  4. D Dibond sheets:
    1. 1 Rigid aluminum composite with screened/printed graphics
    2. 2 Wood grain powder coating applied
  5. E High density urethane boards:
    1. 1 Rigid polyurethane foam board with screened/printed graphics
  6. F Field silkscreen:
    1. 1 Surface, on painted aluminum or glass panels and doors.
  7. G Powder coating:
    1. 1 Baked Pantone Match finish on aluminum sheet
    2. 2 Specified surface finish to be determined.
    3. 3 10 year warranty

2.04 Design Requirements

The contractor shall be responsible for the message layout of all directional message panels. Fabricator must produce scale drawings of message layouts for review prior to fabrication. Layout spacing and letter heights to be based on typical layout guideline drawing pages. Any discrepancies or unusual layout issues should be brought to the attention of the designer.

  1. A Type specifications
    1. 1 Typeface: the following typefaces as manufactured by Adobe Systems are used (NO substitutions will be accepted; if sign fabricators software or equipment uses a different "cut" or version of type specified, fabricator is required to scan correct version or otherwise arrange to procure it):
      See design intent drawings for font and letterspacing samples.
    2. 2 Size: all letter heights specified are based on the cap height of a capital letter.
    3. 3 Alignment: When setting type or installing cut letters, ensure that letters are perfectly straight and even, with no characters set crooked or "popping up."
    4. 4 Spacing
      1. a See drawings for samples of letterspacing programs. The proper letter and word spacing is of extreme importance to the desired look of the signs.
      2. b Contractor is responsible for visual corrections to the typesetting that might be necessary. Any problems in spacing or copy fitting should be brought to the attention of the designer for solution.
  2. B Visual justification
    1. 1 Display type may align mechanically but not optically. When flushing copy message left, a visual adjustment shall be made compensating for those letter forms that must be extended into the left hand margin to appear flush. For example, S and O must extend beyond the left margin slightly.
  3. C Arrow and symbol specifications
    1. 1 Symbols: symbols and pictographs shall conform to the symbol signs issued by the Department of Transportation and the American Institute of Graphic Arts. To obtain more information and reproduction artwork or digitized Macintosh compatible AIGA symbols, contact:
      Society for Environmental Graphic Design
      1000 Vermont Avenue, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20005
    2. 2 Arrows on all signs shall use the arrow files which will be provided by the owner to the successful bidder.
      1. a Arrow size will be dimensioned by height as shown in the drawings.
  4. D Artwork
    1. 1 The contractor shall be provided electronic AI CS6 files with project artwork and templates. The final output quality of artwork for finished signage shall be the responsibility of the contractor. The owner's representative reserves the right to reject artwork if it fails to meet the standard of quality established.

2.05 Materials

A Aluminum extrusions: for mounting plates and structural frames shall conform to ASTM B- 221, Alloy 6063-T6. Shapes, sizes and weights of members shall be as required for structural¡stability. All connections of aluminum members shall be heliarc welded, continuous fillets, ground smooth on all exposed faces, unless specifically detailed otherwise. Aluminum finishes¡shall be hereinafter specified.

B Aluminum sheet and plate: Type 5052-H-32 alloy aluminum, thickness as indicated. For painted finish, faces shall be etched to give an even satin finish and remove oxidation, then conversion coated to improve paint adhesion and inhibit corrosion. Surface shall be belt-sanded for a smooth finish, edges filed and ground then immersed in hot alkaline cleaner to remove contamination. For anodized finish, prepare for finish AA-M31-C21-A31.

A For components specified as "aluminum with a non-directional finish," all visible surfaces shall be finished with a non-directional #36 grit texture (match designer’s sample). Provide clear acrylic polyurethane coating with a satin sheen (25 degree gloss) finish using the BRACO system manufactured by Matthews Paint Company, Wheeling, Illinois (800.323.6593 or 414.947.0700). Methods of surface preparation, coating and drying should strictly follow those recommended by the manufacturer. Fabricator to build up 3–4 mils dried film on finished sign.

WORKING HERER ************************************************************************************************************************************************************

Coating to protect aluminum by uniformly penetrating, filling and sealing surface pores. Coating should provide an invisible barrier to weathering, airborne contaminants, graffiti, industrial air pollution, mildew and salt air. Coating should not yellow, peel or flake. Coating should be guaranteed a minimum of seven years. Sign panels shall be pre-drilled in proper locations before any priming, painting or coating processes.
Aluminum should have consistency of color and finish throughout the project.

C Stainless steel sheet: Chromium stainless steel sheet.
Use type 304 or type 316 austenitic stainless steel with 16% chromium and 10% nickel.

D Galvanized structural steel: The specification ASTM A123/A123M covers individual steel pieces as well as assemblies of various classes of material. The six material categories covered in ASTM A123/A123M include structural shapes, strip and bar, plate, pipe and tubing, wire, and reinforcing bar. A fabrication can have more than one material category such as a frame assembly. Any combination of these products can be assembled into a single fabrication and then hot-dip galvanized.

It is the responsibility of the designer and fabricator to ensure the product has been properly designed and built before hot-dip galvanizing. The galvanizer should be informed of any necessary special instructions or requests, preferably in writing on the purchase order, before the materials are shipped to the galvanizing plant.

It is the responsibility of the galvanizer to ensure compliance with the specifications, as long as the product has been designed and fabricated in accordance with the supporting specifications. However, if the galvanizer has to perform additional work in order to prepare the product for hot-dip galvanizing, such as drilling holes to facilitate drainage or venting, it should be approved by the customer. Once the material has been hot-dip galvanized, it can be fully inspected at the galvanizing plant prior to shipment.

Any materials rejected by an inspector for any reason except embrittlement may be stripped, regalvanized, and resubmitted for inspection. The ASTM specifications A143/A143M, ASTM A384/A384M, and ASTM A385 provide guidelines for preparing products for hot-dip galvanizing. The requirements listed in ASTM A123/A123M include coating thickness, finish, appearance, and adherence. These are each defined below and discussed in more detail later in this course.
ASTM A123/A123M Requirements:
Coating Thickness / Weight – dependent upon material
category and steel thickness
Finish – continuous, smooth, uniform
Appearance – free from uncoated areas, blisters, flux
deposits and gross dross inclusions as well as having
no heavy zinc deposits that interfere with intended use
Adherence – the entire coating should have a strong
adherence throughout the service life of galvanized

The hot-dip galvanized coating is intended for products
fabricated into their final shape that will be exposed
to corrosive environmental conditions. Once a product
has been hot-dip galvanized, any further fabrication,
which rarely occurs, may have negative effects on the
corrosion protection of the coating. The coating grade
is defined as the required thickness of the coating and
is given in microns. All coating thickness requirements
in specification ASTM A123/A123M, are minimums;
there are no maximum coating thickness requirements
in the specification.
The time to first maintenance of hot-dip galvanized
steel is directly proportional to the thickness of the
zinc coating. With all other variables held constant, the
thicker the zinc coating, the longer the life of the steel.
The aim of the finish and appearance requirements is
to ensure there are no problem areas deficient of zinc
or with surface defects that interfere with the intended
use of the product. In addition, the coating should have
a strong adherence throughout the service of the hot-
dip galvanized steel.
E Hangers, brackets and accessories: shall be of the type
and size indicated. Where such items are not specifi-
cally called for, provide hangers, brackets and acces-
sories as required for the proper execution of the work,
as approved by the owner.
F Glass:
1 General: refer to primary and heat-treated glass
requirements for properties of glasses°making up lami-
nated glass products.
2 Plastic interlayer:
a Provide glass fabricator's standard polyvinyl buty-
ral (PVB) interlayer for laminating panes of°glass,
with a proven record of showing no tendency to
bubble, discolor or lose physical°or mechanical
properties after laminating and installation, in clear
or colors and of°thickness scheduled.
b Reference manufacturer:
"Saflex" by Monsanto Co.
"Butacite" by E.I. DuPont De Nemours & Co., Inc.
3 Laminating process: Fabricate using laminator's stan-
dard heat-plus-pressure process to°produce glass free
from foreign substances and air/gas pockets.

4 Laminated safety glass: two panes of clear tem-
pered glass of equal thickness, laminated° togeth-
er with a plastic interlayer and as follows:
a Glass characteristics: thickness of each pane:
b Color of plastic interlayer: as scheduled, colored
interlayers for feature glazing shall be°Saflex
Opticolor System by Monsanto. Color shall be
custom color as selected by Architect.
Provide two colors: "Rose" and "Amber," specific
color to be determined by Architect.
c Thickness of plastic interlayer: 0.030 inch.
G Finishes for aluminum
All finishes to protect aluminum by uniformly pen-
etrating, filling, and sealing surface pores. Coating
should provide an invisible barrier to weathering,
airborne contaminants, graffiti, industrial air pol-
lution, mildew, and salt air. Coating should not yel-
low, peel or flake. Coating should be guaranteed
a minimum of seven years. Sign panels shall be
pre-drilled in proper locations before any priming,
painting or coating processes.
Aluminum should have consistency of color and fin-
ish throughout the project.
Aluminum components must be finished in one of
the following paint types:
1 Acrylic Polyurethane - Matthews Paint
Ultraviolet inhibited aliphatic isocyanate acrylic
system engineered for extreme color and gloss
retention. Degree of gloss is specified in design
drawings. One coat 74- 734 and 74-735 metal
pre-treat at .25 mils DFT or one coat 74-793
spray bond at .15 to .25 mils DFT and one coat
Matthews Acrylic Polyurethane 2 mils DFT.
As a final step, spray one coat of satin clear
Matthews Acrylic Polyurethane 2 mils DFT for a
protective top coat
2 Fluoropolymer -Solvent based -Coraflon ADS - PPG
Two component fluoropolymer finish with 100%
FEVE (fluoropolymer) resin and an aliphatic iso-
cyanate curing agent. Degree of gloss is speci-
fied in design drawings. Solvent clean bare aluminum per SSPC SP-1. ADS wash primer ADS225/
ADS226 @ .03-.05 Mils DFT.
For components with textured finishes
1 Use single coat of Matthews Acrylic Polyurethane
(black) with Matthews 287113SP suede additive for
texture. Apply Coraflon topcoat in color specified.
Paint touch-up process - Coraflon
1 Do not touch up scratches using paintbrush.
2 Prep area by sanding with a very fine grit sand
paper. Mix Coraflon products on site immediately
before spraying. Spray all locations with scratches
in one batch. Mix Component A - Coraflon ADS and
Component B - Coraflon ADS1B (curing agent) Spray.
Expected pot-life for this product is four hours.
Apply paint using a PREVAL Spray Gun - available
at: 3 Spray in an even motion, feathering the edge of the
spray perimeter
4 Protect message panels, adjacent areas and ground
beneath signs from overspray.
3 Fluoropolymer - powder coat - Newlar - Spraylat
Finish color coat of fluoropolymer based powder
coating. Minimum film thickness shall be 1.5 to 2.5
mils dry film thickness. Cure second coat between
392°F (200°C) for 15 minutes and 370°F (186°C) for
25 minutes. Aluminum shall be properly cleaned and pretreated
with a multi stage cleaning and pretreatment sys-
tem to remove organic and inorganic surface soils
and residual oxides. The pretreatment shall apply
a chemical conversion coating to the aluminum
substrate to which the organic powder coating will
firmly adhere.
The pretreatment shall conform to ASTM D 1730,
Type B Method 5 (Amorphous Chromium Phosphate
Treatment) or Method 7 (Amorphous Chromium
Treatment), or shall be an approved Non-Chrome
Pretreatment system with a minimum of five stages
For normal temperate regions, one coat of fluoropolymer powder coating for exterior aluminum
sign products. Minimum thickness shall be 1.5 - 2.5
mils dry film thickness.
Cure finish coat between 392°F (200°C) for 15 min-
utes and 370°F (186‚C) for 25 minutes.
For regions along a coast with extensive salt air, fog
and sunshine.
a) First primer coat of corrosion inhibitive
powder coating primer Product # PE 1620 E.
Minimum film thickness shall be 1.5 mils dry
film thickness. Cure first coat between 392°F
(200°C) for 5 minutes and 356°F (180°C) for 10
b) Finish color coat of fluoropolymer based pow-
der coating. Minimum film thickness shall be
1.5 to 2.5 mils dry film thickness. Cure second
coat between 392°F (200°C) for 15 minutes
and 370°F (186°C) for 25 minutes.
c) Measure temperatures at substrate.
Powder coat finish requires approved applicators.
To ensure the performance of this finish, the
fabricator must choose from a list of applica-
tors approved by the powder coat manufacturer.
Fabricator MUST select and use applicators from
this list. NO substitutions will be allowed.
4 Anodizing
Phosphoric acid anodizing is a chemical and electric
treatment to aluminum to produce a hard, transparent
surface that is integral with the base aluminum.
Aluminum shall be properly cleaned and pretreated
prior to anodizing process.
H Pressure sensitive legends
1 Use "Scotchcal" brand film manufactured by 3M.
Thickness: .003 inch minimum, .006 inch maximum.
Material shall consist of a tough, flexible, pigmented,
vinyl film and shall be processed with compatible
screen printing inks and clear coatings as recommend-
ed by the film manufacturer. The film shall be pre-
coated with pressure-sensitive adhesive. The adhesive
shall be protected by a treated paper liner which shall
be easily removable without soaking in water or other
solvents. 2 Use "Scotchlite" brand reflective sheeting manufactured by 3M. Thickness: .0065 inch minimum, .0075
inch maximum. Material shall consist of transparent
plastic having a smooth, flat outer surface embedded
with spherical lens elements. Material shall be capable
to being processed with compatible screen printing
inks and clear coatings as recommended by the sheet-
ing manufacturer. The sheeting shall be pre-coated
by a treated paper liner that shall be easily removable
without soaking in water or other solvents.
3 Shall be guaranteed against delamination for a period
of 5 years.
I Direct Substrate Printed Media
1 Process: "Direct Substrate Printers" shall provide high-
quality, full color images directly onto a variety of flat
substrates. Substrate examples include (but are not
limited to) Acrylic, PVC, Polycarbonate, Aluminum,
Stainless Steel, Wood, etc.
2 Printer Characteristics: printer to have C, M, Y, K, CL
and W print heads (minimum) with UV curable inks
and UV LED Lamp to cure ink while printing. Minimum
reproduction print quality up to 1440 dpi. Flatbed print-
ing size for substrates up to (and including) 48” x 96”.
Printer to accept substrates up to 2” thick.
3 Capabilities: Printer to have white ink capabilities
to create under-coat/primer on dark substrates and
opaque under-coat/primer on clear substrates. Clear
ink to provide protective over-coating and variable
sheen finishes including full-surface glossy printing.
Printer to have mask pattern capability to effectively
curb visible banding. Printer to have variable drop func-
tion to produce smooth and natural gradations.
J Silkscreen ink
Formulate epoxy silkscreen inks specifically for surfaces on which they will be¡used. Add catalytic or bonding
agents as necessary to maximize adherence and vandal resistance.
K Concrete
1 All concrete footers are to be poured in place.
2 All concrete footers are to be poured from thoroughly
mixed and agitated concrete in order prevent unreason-
able voids in the finished casting.
3 Concrete to meet specified “PSI Test” for strength: 3,500 psi minimum.

4 Concrete to meet specified “Slump test” before pouring footing.

5 All footings to extend past the frost line.

6 Any footers or posts for signs will be placed in wet concrete and allowed to fully cure in place before any
signage is attached or mounted to it in any way.

7 Finish: All exposed faces of concrete shall receive a finish to match existing, adjacent surfaces.

L Construction Adhesives

1 Acrylic and light aluminum panels - VHB tape
Very high bond acrylic tape for bonding metals and
plastics. VHB can be used on both finished and unfin-
ished surfaces.
Prepare surface by removing grease, loose contami-
nants and oxidized spots using an isopropanol wipe
down no more than fifteen minutes prior to adhesion.
2 Heavy gauge aluminum sheets and components -
Lord 201 Acrylic adhesive
Two-part acrylic structural adhesive for bonding metals
and plastics. Series 201 can bond both finished and
unfinished surfaces.
Prepare surface by removing grease, loose contami-
nants and oxidized spots.
Apply by spraying rolling or brushing on single surface
to produce bond lines 5-10 mils thick and both surfaces
to produce 25-50 mils thick.
Use Lord spec charts to determine correct accelerator
M Adhesive tape
Closed-cell foam type with adhesive surfaces on both
faces. Thicknesses and widths of tapes shall be as
required to safely secure signs to various wall fin-
ishes, but in no case¡shall be less than 1/16 inch thick
and 1/2 inch wide. Adhesive tape shall be equal to
Norton¡Sealant Tape No. 1001 Series.
N Liquid adhesive: Silicone Silastic 732 RTV adhesive/
sealant as manufactured by Dow Corning.
O LED lighting:
1 High efficiency, long life series parallel lighting system
2 Sign housings and frame shall be fully sealed against
light leakage.

P Fluorescent lighting:
1 Unpainted fixture parts shall be either anodized alumi-
num, noncorrosive grade stainless steel or an equiva-
lent noncorrosive material.
2 Sign housings and frame shall be fully sealed against
light leakage.
3 In signs supplied with 277 volts, provide an aluminum
.005 inch foil warning label with a permanent adhesive
having a resistance to temperature ranging from minus
40 degrees Fahrenheit to plus 300 degrees Fahrenheit.
Labels shall be placed one on either side of ballast
housing cover between lamps so as to be readily seen
when servicing. Labels shall have block lettering, 5/32
inches high, printed on the aluminum foil material and
read “CAUTION - 277 VOLTS”. Suggested label manu-
facturers: Seton or Specified Products.
Q Neon lighting:
1 Lamps: made from clear glass tubing, color as speci-
fied, fabricated to the shapes and sizes indicated. Size
according to use.
2 Lamp holders: Pyrex housings, PK type. UL listed with
spring bronze clip contacts which shall give adequate
electrical contact and support the tubing. All tubing
shall be supported by Pyrex elevation posts.
3 Transformers: Unless otherwise specified, use 115V, 66
hz. N.P.F. Secondary 30 mA operating current, voltage
as required by lamp footage. UL listed, self-contained
in a 16 gauge steel housing with secondary and prima-
ry wiring compartments with a disconnect switch which
shall automatically disconnect when the wiring com-
partment cover is removed. Transformers shall have a
removable capacitor in a ventilated compartment so
that the transformer does not have to be removed in
case of capacitor failure. Suggestions for substitutions
must be approved by the owner and the architect.
Transformers must be installed in an accessible and ventilated area (100 degree F. max. ambient tempera-
ture) with air circulation on all sides to dissipate approx-
imately 100W each. Transformer shall be installed as close to the lamp as possible in order to keep the
secondary feeds as short as possible. The wiring com-
partments must be accessible. Long secondary feeds in conduit act like capacitors, inducing higher voltage,
lamp current and corona discharge which can lead to overloading, transformer failure, shortened lamp life
and audible noise.
R Other lighting sources
1 Provide all specific call-outs on shop drawings for lamp
type, necessary transformers or ballasts and all neces-
sary electrical draws for service installation.
2 Locate all transformers on shop drawings. All neces-
sary electrical hardware must be hidden.
S ADA-compliant photopolymer: Sign face: polyamide
resin; carrier: polyester, .011 inch thick; photomechani-
cal, monolithic,°tactile plaque sign construction. To
comply with relevant ADA regulations and require-
ments°indicated for materials, thickness, finish colors
designs, shapes, sizes and details of°construction.
Sign copy to be in relief 1/32 inch minimum from
plaque first surface by manufacturer's photomechani-
cal stratification processes. Precisely formed, crisp,
uniformly°opaque and chip-resistant graphics to com-
ply with relevant ADA regulations and the requirements
indicated for size, style, spacing, content, position,
finishes and colors.
T Extruded polycarbonate sheet: Polished on both sur-
faces. Notched Izod impact strength of 12 to 16 ft.-lbs.
per inch per ASTM D-256 Elongation % of >100 per
ASTM D-638 Modulus of elasticity (psi) of 345,000, per
ASTM D-638 Heat deflection temperature of 270°F @
264 psi, per ASTM D-648
U Acrylic: cast acrylic sheet, in thicknesses and colors
specified. Flame polish exposed edges. Exposed edges must be free of saw marks.
V Lexan film: General Electric Lexan Velvet Surface,
matte second surface 5 mils or .010 inch¡thick.
W Carsonite Fiberglass Composite
The material shall be constructed of a durable, UV
resistant continuous glass fiber and resin reinforced,
thermosetting composite material which is resistant
to impact, ozone and hydrocarbons within a service
temperature range of –40°F to +140°F. The composite
material shall exhibit good workmanship and shall be
free of burns, discoloration, cracks, bulges or other
objectionable marks which would adversely affect the
marker’s performance or serviceability.
2 The composite material shall be pigmented throughout
the entire cross-section so as to produce uniform color,
which is an integral part of the material. Ultraviolet resistant materials shall be incorporated in the con-
struction to inhibit fading or cracking of the delineator
upon field exposure.
2 Deflection tests shall consist of a two-pound load
suspended from one end of the composite while the
other end is clamped to a support in cantilevered fash-
ion, Horizontally, the distance from the fulcrum to the
weight shall be 48 inches. The maximum allowable free
end defection shall be ten inches.
X Cedar Wood (TBD)
Reference National Lumber Grading Authority (NLGA)
rules. NLGA grades are approved by the American
Lumber Standards Board of Review.
Y Dibond
Aluminum composite sheet consisting of two 0.3 mm thick aluminum cover layers and a polyethylene or min-
eral core. Cover sheets are AIMg1 alloy, highly resistant
to weathering and corrosion, UV-resistance black core,
and lightweight with high rigidity. Weather resistant
– applicable with temperature between -50°C up to
80°C. Suitable for direct-to-substrate screen and digi-
tal printing (without treatment). Color and finish to be
Z High Density Urethane Board (HDU board)
High Density Urethane is a “closed cell” rigid polyure-
thane product made specifically for applications of up
to 200°F continuous exposure. Due to its closed cell
structure, HDU board produces less dust and more
chips when cut or machined and doesn't absorb mois-
ture. It can handle higher feed rates than other materi-
als like wood or epoxy substrates. HDU board has good
dimensional stability and won't rot, crack, or peel when
outdoors. It lasts up to 10 times longer than wood and
is commonly used as a substitute for outdoor wooden
signage. An environmentally friendly material, HDU
board is made with eco-friendly urethane and is com-
pletely inert. It is non-toxic and contains no VOC's or
carcinogens. 2.06 FABRICATION
A Report any discrepancies between drawings, specifications and owner requirements and request°direction
from owner before proceeding.
B Verify measurements in field as required for work fabricated to fit job conditions. Before starting work, exam-
ine adjoining work on which work of this section is in
any way dependent°for perfect workmanship and fit.
C Make work in ample time not to delay job progress
and deliver to job at such time as required°for proper
coordination. Fabricate work true to line and detail with
clean, sharply defined profiles. Finish surfaces smooth
unless otherwise specified.
D Do cutting, punching, drilling and tapping required for
attachment or other work coming in°contact with sig-
nage work where indicated.
E Changeability: fabricate signs in such a manner that
each of the major mounting components°may be
removed and replaced with similar components by
maintenance personnel, but not°by unauthorized per-
F Construction: fabricate all joints, corners, miters, etc., with work accurately machined, filed°and fitted, rigidly
framed together at joints and contact points. Carefully
match all work to°provide a perfect continuity of lines
and design, with metal in contact having seamless
joints.°Make joints of such character and assembly
to be strong and as rigid as adjoining sections.°Make
exposed joints where joint is least conspicuous.
Corners shall be square as indicated. All°edges shall be
finished and free of saw marks.
Allow for expansion and contraction of materials from
temperature changes, especially when°two materi-
als with different coefficients of expansion are used
Detail signs to minimize deflection from snow, ice,
water or their own weight.
G Engineering: the system shall be engineered to elimi-
nate buckling of any members, failure at¡any points,
distortions or other damage.
The system shall be engineered to be rigid with mini-
mum deflection and rotation under stress°and shall
be able to withstand movement, shear and torsional
Exposed areas of signs shall not oil can. Signs shall be
designed as structurally self-supporting°units. The sus-
pension systems and substructure shall be designed
by the sign manufacturer to°perform in accordance with
the contract documents.

H Connections and accessories: weights of connections and accessories shall be adequate to sustain and with-
stand stresses and strains to which they will be normally subjected.
I Sign panels - general
1 Surface finish: provide surface finishes that are free
from lines, mottling, ridges, variations in color, orange
peel, bubbles, pinholes, mottling, crazing, grit and
coarse particles. This applies to all methods of fabri-
cation and finishing. Use clear coatings for durability,
surface protection, appearance and maintenance.
2 Material: sign panel material is stated in the schedules
under "Notes" and/or on drawings.
3 Opacity: except for internally illuminated signs, all
signs shall have opaque background and opaque
Note: all colors, especially in the acrylic signs, are to
be clear and match references exactly.–Washed out or
weak colors will not be accepted.
J Anchors and fastenings
1 Mechanical
a Provide anchors and fasteners required to secure
work in place.
b Surface finish: do not expose fastenings on surface
of sign panels unless specifically°noted otherwise.
Do not deform, distort or discolor sign face surfaces
by attachment of°concealed fastenings.
c Corrosion resistance: all fastenings shall be non-
corrosive and resistant to oxidation or°other cor-
rosive action, of the same composition completely
through their cross sections, particularly when used
below grade. Use highest quality stainless steel
hardware and fasteners.
d Anchors, inserts or fasteners shall be compatible
with sign materials, shall not result in°galvanic
action or chemical interaction of adhesives and
shall have demonstrable and°sufficient strength for
intended use.
e Steel anchors and fastenings for exterior use shall
be galvanized in accordance with°ASTM A153.
f Stability: fabricate and install signs with fastenings
to withstand all actions imposed by°use; 30 psf
wind perpendicular to surfaces, water, ice, snow
loads and similar forces.

g Anchor bolts in concrete shall be cast in place.
Manufacturer shall furnish instructions°for the set-
ting of anchors and bearing plates. Manufacturer
shall ascertain that the items are properly set during
the process of the work.
h Color: secure work with fastenings of same color
and finish as the components they°secure where
they are exposed to view, unless noted otherwise.
i Security: All exposed fasteners must be vandal
resistant and have vandal-proof "spanner" type
slots to be removed only with a special driver head.
K Messages
The fabricator is responsible for the message layout
of all directional message panels. Fabricator must
produce scale drawings of message layouts for review
prior to fabrication. Layout spacing and letter heights
to be based on typical layout guideline drawing pages.
1 Layout: layouts are shown on the drawings. All mes-
sages including braille shall be flush left, unless noted
otherwise. Correct line breaks are indicated in the
"Message" column of the schedule and should be fol-
lowed exactly. Braille line breaks shall match those of
the raised copy. Any problems in message layout shall
be brought to the attention of the¨owner for solution.
2 Fabrication: execute all signs such that letter forms
are true and clean. Letter forms with°rounded corners,
or chipped, nicked, cut or ragged edges, will not be
accepted. This°applies to all methods of fabrication and
copy application.
3 Copy: message copy on detail drawings is for layout
purposes only. Actual copy is listed in°the "Message"
column of the schedule. Certain copy may be provided
later by the owner.
4 Capitalization: directions for upper and lower case are
found in the "Message" column of°the schedule must
be followed exactly.
5 Single or double faces: all signs that are double sided
will be noted as such in the drawings°and message
schedule. For double sided signs, the message will be
indicated as "Side A" and "Side B" or "Side C" and "Side
L Surface-applied messages
1 Reflectivity and specular gloss

a Non-reflectorized message: 60 degree specular in
accordance with ASTM Test D523.
2 Thickness: as indicated in specifications herein.
3 Color and color fastness
a Exposed surfaces and finishes shall show no dis-
cernible color change or chalking when°exposed
for 1,000 hours in an Atlas Twin Arc Weathermaster
Model HCDL-X, or°equivalent, when tested in accor-
dance with ASTM D822.
4 Interletter spacing: follow examples in drawings. Show
sample interletter and interword°spacing in sample
submissions as specified.
5 Layout: positions for all messages, symbols, arrows,
lines, etc., for all signs are clearly°indicated on the
drawings and shall be complied with.
6 Artwork: contractor shall be responsible for all final
reproduction artwork for all messages,°symbols,
arrows and restroom floor plan drawings.
7 Fabrication: a Screened messages: execute all silkscreen print-
ing in such a manner that all edges and°corners
of finished letter forms are true and clean. Letter
forms, color areas or lines with°rounded corners,
edge buildup or bleeding, sawtoothing, etc., will not
be accepted.°Execute all silkscreening from photo-
screens prepared from typesetter's reproduction
of°the copy specified. Typesetter's reproductions
shall be no smaller than 75% of the actual size
specified. All above work is included in this con-
tract. Hand cut screens will°not be acceptable.
b Die-cut messages: die-cut, pre-spaced, pre-aligned
messages (numbers, words, phrases°and arrows)
from 3.0 mil flexible film coated with continuous
adhesive pressure sensitive backing to meet char-
acteristics specified for surface-applied messages.
Execute°die-cutting in such a manner that all edges
and corners of finished letter forms are true°and
clean. Letter forms with round positive or negative
corners, nicked, cut or ragged°edges, etc., will not
be acceptable.
M Illuminated signs
1 All means of internal illumination for signs shall be
positioned in accordance with the copy layout to pro-
vide even light distribution to the copy.
2 Fabricator must apply diffuser materials as neces-
sary to eliminate hot spots created by the illumination
(especially with LED signs).

3 All exterior fixtures and those in wet-damp locations
shall be fitted with seals and gaskets to form a weath-
erproof, watertight assembly and shall be of rust resis-
tant construction and finish.
4 Fluorescent illumination: Furnish with 800 MA ballasts.
a Fluorescent ballasts shall be high power factory
type low wattage/heat, full light output, for use
with rapid start standard lamps. Voltage shall be
as required by power supply.
b Provide all ballasts with approved integral ther-
mal protection conforming to requirements of
the NEC; UL class “P”. “A” sound rating or better
is required. Ballasts shall be CBM certified by
the ETL and UL.
c Exterior ballasts: Low temperature type, provid-
ing reliable starting at -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
d Utilize 2 lamp ballasts wherever possible.
e Ballasts to be complete with heat radiators,
capacitors and pressure relief devices.
5 LED illumination: a Provide all step-down transformers and connec-
tion devices necessary for electrician to connect
to service
b Hide any external connections or J-boxes within
the structure of the sign.
6 Provide emergency shut-off switches on exterior of
sign, per UL regulations.
7 Provide photo-cell device hidden near the sign face to
automatically switch the sign on and off
8 Encase all electrical wiring in flexible metal conduit or
metal raceways.
a Hide raceways from view
N Carving/sandblasting:
Minimum 16 horsepower Rotary Screw Compressor.
Build structure around it to contain and muffle the
sound. Use self reclaiming sandblast machine specifi-
cally designed for graphic carving on vertical surfaces.
For interior applications, protect work area with units of
4’ wide X 8’ high freestanding acoustical screening and
barrier. Use upright ( 7 ft. high) 2 Hp dust collection unit in addition to dust collection built into the sand-
blast unit. Dust unit to have a 735 CFM Hepa Air Purifier
(or equal) with activated carbon filter.
3.01 Inspection
A Examine the substrates and conditions under which the
signs are to be installed and notify the°owner in writ-
ing of conditions detrimental to the proper and timely
completion of the work.°Do not proceed with the work
until unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.
3.02 Installation
A Install sign units and components with concealed fas-
teners, unless otherwise shown. Refer to detail draw-
ings for general method. Verify each surface in field to
determine specific, appropriate hardware.
Drawings in this package may not indicate any below-
ground or in-wall structural tie-ins or connections that
may be necessary to assure stable and secure instal-
lation of signs. Sign fabricator is responsible for deter-
mining where such connections are necessary and for
coordinating with related trades to make them.
B Locations: refer to drawings for approximate locations.
Any discrepancies or apparent deviations from drawing
locations because of different site conditions shall be
brought to the attention of the owner for solution. The
owner must be present for field placement of sign.
It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to deter-
mine the location of underground structures and utili-
ties by the use of test pit excavation prior to excavation
Test pits shall be of the size, depth and location as
approved by the Engineer. Each pit shall be tamp-back-
Test pit excavation will be measured on the basis of the
volume of material actually removed from within the
limits specified. Tamped backfill will not be measured
but shall be included in the price bid for test pit excava-
Price provided shall include all excavation, tamped
backfill, labor, tools, equipment and incidentals neces-
sary to complete the installation of each sign.
C For ground-mounted signs, provide whatever replace-
ment concrete, pavers, bricks, etc. are necessary to
match adjacent surfaces exactly. Seams should be par-
allel or perpendicular to sign face and be symmetrical around post(s).
D Note that this institution experiences heavy public use.
Strong environmental conditions such as weather and vandalism may be routine¡problems. Signs must be
securely mounted. Contractor is responsible for sug-
gesting alternative¡fabrication or installation methods if required to prevent theft or vandalism.
E Install signs to be level, plumb and at the proper
height. Cooperate with other trades for¡installation of sign units.
F Clean and polish, remove excess adhesive.
G Fixture installation
1 Install lighting fixtures with seals and gaskets. Conceal
all wiring in or within the°construction.
2 Lamp installation
a Do not install lamps for permanent use until operat-
ing voltage is verified and established.
b Install lamps in accordance with lamp and fixture
manufacturer's instructions.

3 Ballast installation

a Install ballasts at factory unless specifically indicated otherwise. Mount on rubber grommetsor sound isolating details to reduce noise transmission.

3.03 Cleanup

A Periodically (at least daily) and upon completion of the installation, remove all waste, dirt, wrappings and excess materials, tools and equipment, and carefully and thoroughly clean all surfaces to the satisfaction of the owner.

3.04 Property¨Damage

A Protect all adjacent surfaces from damage and pay the cost of repairing any damage to the°property caused by delivery or installation of materials. In all cases, match existing surfaces.

WORKING HERE *************************


This drawing represents design intent only. Fabricator will be responsible for:
- verifying all dimensions and conditions in the field prior to preparation of shop drawings
- notifying appropriate parties of any potential issues that will affect the design intent. - obtaining any necessary engineering seals. - verifying compliance with ADA and local sign codes.


Signage Order Forms


Vehicular Parking Direction Sign

Required Information:

  • trailhead name
  • parking icon/directional arrow (page 2.8)
  • trail system name
  1. ST 1.1 - Vehicular parking dir - small panel with post
  2. ST 1.2 - Vehicular parking dir - small panel only
  3. ST 2.1 - Vehicular parking dir - Large Panel with Post
  4. ST 2.2 - Vehicular parking dir - Large Panel Only

Medium-Small Information Kiosk

Required Information:

  • trailhead name
  • trail icons (page 2.9)
  • trail name/number
  • trail distance
  • trail system name
  1. ST 3.1
  2. ST 3.2
  3. ST 4.1
  4. ST 4.2

Replacement Banners

Material: Dibond or HDU board

Required Information:

  • trailhead name
  • trail icons (page 2.9)
  • trail name/number
  • trail distance
  1. ST 5.1 - Large Banner
    • Top banner
    • Bottom banner
  2. ST 5.2 - Small Banner
    • Top banner
    • Bottom banner

Trail Icons

  1. ST 6 - Trail Icons | trail icons - printed squares that screw on. Direct print on Dibond or aluminum


  1. ST 7 - Underbrand to screw on kiosk
  2. ST 8 - Underbrand - Vinyl diecut to staple up in kiosk

Pedestrian Directionals

Required Information:

  • trail name/number
  • trail system name
  • arrow direction (page 2.8)
  • destination
  • trail icons (page 2.9)
  • distance
  1. ST 9.1 - Pedestrian directionals - single-faced wood
  2. ST 9.2 - Pedestrian directionals - double-faced wood
  3. ST 10.1 - Pedestrian directionals - single-faced aluminum
  4. ST 10.2 - Pedestrian directionals - double-faced aluminum

Vertical Trail Markers

  1. ST 11.1 - Vertical trail marker
  2. ST 11.2 - Vertical trail marker (2 sided) ???


Please contact us with your questions using the Contact us about Trails form (LINK HERE).

The Project

This project is maintained by the Department of Economic Development, Planning & Tourism and partially funded by a grant from the Appalachian Regional Commission.