Public Works was created in 1985 by the Cattaraugus County Legislature to consolidate the operations of the Highway, Refuse, and Buildings and Grounds divisions. The Commissioner of Public Works assumed the administrative supervision of these units of County government.
The lion's share of the financial and human resources in the Public Works Department is devoted to the maintenance of the 395 miles of road, 265 bridges, 258 culverts and 1,530 drainage structures under County jurisdiction. The Highway Division employs 125 full-time employees, including the Engineering Division, the Commissioner's staff and the Little Valley garage. There are a total of six highway facilities (Five Points Highway Barn was relocated to Little Valley in 2014), plus the Little Valley maintenance facility completed in July 1998.
The Department has a 2019 budget of $12.3 million for road maintenance (snowplowing, paving, surface treatment, ditching and pothole patching), plus $3.9 million for equipment replacement and maintenance. Additionally, Cattaraugus County has a Capital Projects Program of $21.8 million for major road improvement projects, culvert and bridge replacements/rehabs, and buildings for 2019.
The Public Works Department has responsibility for the maintenance of the county-owned buildings. Cattaraugus County has five major public buildings--the county centers in Little Valley and Olean, the Pines Healthcare and Rehabilitation centers in Machias and Olean, and the Department of Public Works facility in Little Valley. There are also several satellite offices in various locations throughout the County. Public Works has a staff of 58 full and part-time employees to clean and maintain these facilities and a 2019 budget of $2.1 million.
The second largest operation the Public Works Department oversees, and the one the public comes into contact with, is the Refuse Division. The County operates seven transfer stations: Salamanca, Dayton, Allegany, Portville, Five Points, Conewango, and Machias. Refuse employs 12 full-time and 19 part-time individuals. The anticipated 2019 expenditure for the Refuse Division (includes closed Landfills) is $2.1 million with anticipated revenues from disposal fees and sale of reclaimed materials in the amount of $1.2 million. General tax levy pays the balance.
The position of Director of Weights and Measures was transferred to the Department of Public Works by legislative action in 2004 to provide the director with additional resources in terms of clerical support and physical manpower. This organizational change enhanced the Director's ability to perform the essential functions within his position. The department's 2019 Weights and Measures budget is $101,618.
Financial resources for Public Works come from a variety of sources. The largest percentage of Public Works funding is derived from the local property taxes. Other sources include one percent (1%) of the sales tax revenues, which is dedicated to maintaining the County highway system (approximately $10.4 million), and the mortgage recording tax. There is also a $5 vehicle/$10 truck registration fee that is expected to generate approximately $480,000 to be used for heavy equipment replacement. Cattaraugus County will receive state aid in the amount of $2.8 for capital improvements under the Consolidated Highway Improvement Program (CHIPS); and an additional $638,000 in PAVE NY funds.
Cattaraugus County has also received financial assistance for bridge and road construction projects from New York State and the federal government under the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act, or FAST Act. This Act will provide long-term funding for surface transportation infrastructure planning and investment. The amount of funding for 2019 is $332,000.